This paper explores the military regimes of South Korea, specifically the impact of Park Chung Hee and Chun Doo Hwan's governance on creating a resilient and autonomous culture. Michael Desch (1999) argues that in times of low external threat and high internal threat, it is justifiable to use military rule contrary to the traditional military professionalism theories supported by the likes of Samuel Huntington. Kassandra Birchler (2012) argues that this leads to the military acquisition of political decision-making power which leads to exclusive interest seeking of the oligarchical bodies. This paper provides an exception to this by dissecting the case of South Korea whereby the military was used to align people to a group culture and nationalistic sentiment and to equip people the autonomy to work efficiency in the economy. Ultimately, this paper proposes that the militaristic ideology worked as an adhesive in creating social cohesion and sustaining social development in South Korea.
How to Cite:
Park, S.J., 2021. A Case Study of ‘Developmental Dictatorship’: The impact of militaristic ideology on the social fabric of the Republic of Korea. LSE International Development Review, 1(2).